On January 1, 2005, the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) comes into force. In its first phase, in the EU alone, c.10,000 industrial companies will have to trade emissions allowances to manage their energy consumption and carbon outputs. From 2008 on, other economic sectors such as transport, construction and real estate will be brought into the Scheme; and the number of companies and organizations that can trade carbon permits under the mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol is enormous.
Carbon trading is seen as the most efficient and effective way to mitigate climate change and will be very widely adopted. This volume provides a full account of the rules, institutions and procedures governing access and use of international, EU and national mechanisms, particularly the ETS, and Kyoto ones – The Clean Development Mechanism, emissions trading and Joint Implementation – as well as the EU ‘linking directive’ allowing carbon trading under the different mechanisms to be linked.
Farhana Yamin is a Fellow in Environment at the Institute of Development Studies at the University of Sussex in the UK. She is an international lawyer specializing in climate change law and policy. She is a lead author for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, former Legal Advisor to AOSIS and consultant to the European Commission on the EU Emissions Allowance Trading Directive. Her other publications include The International Climate Regime: A Guide to Rules, Institutions and Procedures.